Tools for MSP

Report 19: Modelling for MSP

The BaltSeaPlan Report No 19 “Modelling for Maritime Spatial Planning – Tools, concepts, applications” describes the potential role of models and modelled data within the MSP / SEA process. Furthermore, it provides several case studies of model applications in MSP. The report concludes with an overview of existing modelling concepts and tools from previous and ongoing projects and initiatives around the Baltic Sea, which could be of use for Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP).

Report 20: Data exchange structure for MSP

Good knowledge of the sea and the trends & pressures it faces is essential for MSP to be delivered successfully. For this data needs to be translated into spatially relevant information and cooperation has to be ensured among data networks so that information is easily accessible when needed. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 20 “Integrated Pan-Baltic Data Infrastructure for MSP – Framework Analysis and Recommendations for an MSP Data Model, Data Exchange and Good Governance” identifies content related and technical conditions as well as problems & gaps associated to data and information sources at the current stage. Further it describes the conceptual data model for MSP developed within the framework of BaltSeaPlan and provides recommendations on the steps which need to be gone, in order to reach the information basis necessary to undertake MSP at satisfactory level within the BSR.

Report 21: Effects of underwater noise on harbour porpoises arond major shipping lanes

The Baltic Sea is a special environment that requires extra care. When developing an MSP, planners need to respect the natural conditions and needs set by the environment as well as goals set by political decision making bodies for the wellbeing of society. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 21 “Effects of underwater noise on harbour porpoises around major shipping lanes” explores the relationship between shipping and harbour porpoises (phocoena) by assessing the effect of noise from ship traffic on them in the Great Belt area, Denmark. The report analyses the acoustic activity levels of porpoises, describes the noise patterns around shipping lanes and links these to estimate the effect of ship noise on the distribution of porpoise.

Report 22: Remote sensing methods for detecting small fishing vessels and fishing gear

Fishery is among some of the most important uses of maritime space and is thus obviously of high relevance for MSP. Currently, however, it is difficult to include fishery in MSPs in view of lacking spatial data & information on where fishery is taking place and what methods are used. Whereas several methods and reporting systems are in place in the fisheries management to track larger vessels, the use of satellite data for fishery activities of small vessels is still under development. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 22 “Remote sensing methods for detecting small fishing vessels and fishing gear” shows the results of a feasibility study undertaken in the pilot area “Pomeranian Bight and Arkona Sea”.

Report 23: Legal and planning options for integrating Fisheries into MSP

Although fisheries is almost omnipresent on the sea and is influencing the marine ecosystem like almost no other human activity it is often neglected in MSP largely due to the belief that there is little that could be regulated on national or regional basis in view of the Common Fishery Policy. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 23 “Legal and Planning Options for integrating fisheries into MSP at the Baltic Sea” investigates the possibilities on opportunities & suitability of using spatial planning to prepare regulations in fisheries management; analyses the current legal situation and provides samples for proposed regulations to be included in MSPs on the basis of the pilot case area “Pomeranian Bight”.

Report 24: Stakeholder Involvement in MSP

The BaltSeaPlan Report No 24 “Stakeholder Involvement in Maritime Spatial Planning” aims to help to bridge the gap between stakeholder management theory and practice by showing and discussing the methods / tools and experience gained by BaltSeaPlan partners then dealing with stakeholders in MSP. On this basis the report provides recommendations, guidance and inspiration for stakeholder management of future MSP processes, while at the same time showing that there is not something like a “one size fits all” approach or solution.

Report 25: Strategical Environmental Assessment in MSP

A Strategic Environmental Assessment needs to be carried out in accordance to the EU SEA Directive for any kind of Maritime Spatial Plan. The main aim of such a SEA is to identify and assess the potentially signifianct impacts of the provisions suggested within the MSP on the environment and Natura 2000 areas. In view of lacking experience in the actual drafting of MSPs, there is even less practical experience on how to prepare such a SEA. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 25 “SEA in MSP: Recommendations from the German and Polish experience” shows how the SEA has been carried out in two very different MSP areas (namely the German EEZ of the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Gdansk). It highlights current challenges, extracts general lessons to be learned on SEA for MSP as well as showing differences in how to approach SEA.

Report 26: Fisheries in the Maritime Spatial Planning context

Fishing is one of the economically and environmentally most significant uses of the sea, but is often neglected in MSP. This is due to a variety of reasons. Many believe that it cannot be regulated on national or regional basis in view of the Common Fishery Policy. Also there is a lack of data and information and a general lack of samples on possible instruments on how fishery could be included in MSP. Further it is a “hot topic” in many stakeholder processes. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 26 “Fisheries in the MSP context” provides an overview of results and solutions found within the BaltSeaPlan project on these various aspects and should therefore offer guidance, inspiration and recommendations for Maritime Spatial Planners on how to better deal with the important topic of fishery in MSP.

Report 27: Seabed and habitat mapping in the Hatter Barn area

The area around the Hatter Barn is known as a notorious risk area for grounding and collision of ships passing the Danish straits to and from the Baltic. One of the suggestions for safer shipping was a deepening of the present shallow water route southeast of this reef area. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 27 “Seabed and habitat mapping in the Hatter Barn area” aims to provide an assessment of such a deepening on the valuable hard bottom habitats based on a results achieved with the new mapping methods applied. The study also investigates effects of ship traffic on the benthic seaweed forest.

Report 28: BaltSeaPlan web-advanced tool in support of MSP

Every MSP process starts with an analysis of the current situation in the area, i.e. where does which use take place and
which use is planned in which area. Based on this stocktake a conflict analysis is undertaken and one or several scenarios are developed for the plan, which are discussed with stakeholders. The BaltSeaPlan Web application for MSP developed in the framework of the BaltSeaPlan project and based on Boundary-GIS Geoportal is a supporting tool which should facilitate such stakeholder involvement. The application allows any kind of stakeholder to view the current planning status of the area and to comment upon them. The user can do so without any specific computer knowledge and/or computer program. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 28 “BaltSeaPlan web-advanced tool in support of MSP” explains the main features of the application, how it can be applied for MSP and who to contact in order to get access to the tool as such.

Report 29: Systematic site selection for offshore wind power

The development of offshore wind energy is a driving force for looking at sea uses in a more integrated way and to develop Maritime Spatial Planning. The modelling tool MARXAN is a tool known to be used for selection of sites for nature protection. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 29 “Case Study: Systematic site selection for offshore windpower” shows how this tool was adapted during BaltSeaPlan to identify suitable sites for offshore wind energy production taking into account the targets of the wind sector and the limitations to it set by nature conservation demands, tourism or shipping. The model was used in the pilot area Pomeranian Bight /Arcona Sea to identify locations for offshore wind energy.

Report 30: Site selection of fisheries areas for MSP

Although specific data exist for selected fisheries management issues, maps about the most valuable areas for fish spawning, recruitment and catches which also take the limitations by operation range or by competing uses and functions of the sea into account do practically not exist. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 30 “Case Study: Site selection of fisheries areas for MSP” shows the attempt undertaken within BaltSeaPlan to use the tool “Marxan with Zones” to produce such maps. It is a first trial to localize those areas with the help of an MSP related decision making tool. The results of the report can – due to very scarce spatial data – be only preliminary. However they demonstrate a new way how to get to this very valuable information for appropriate MSP.

Report 31: Recommendations for legislative action regarding maritime spatial planning in Europe

Based on the assumption that the EU Commission will seek Member States to harmonise and further develop their legislation for maritime spatial planning, the Ministry of Transport, Building and Regional Development of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern asked for an expert opinion on what should be the cornerstones of the legislative constitution of MSP in the Baltic Sea States. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 31 “Recommendations for legislative action regarding MSP in Europe” was prepared by Prof. Dr. Wilfried Erbguth (University of Rostock / Faculty of Law). Among others the report suggests which specific spatial planning law regulations (subdivided in substantive law and tools) can be recommended for standardization qua European Union law. The report is available in English and German language.