Reports and Publications

BaltSeaPlan Vision 2030 - Towards the sustainable planning of Baltic Sea

BaltSeaPlan Bulletins

The BaltSeaPlan Bulletin #01 (spring 2010) is a 16 page long publication produced after the 1st year of implementation of the project. It provides an insight into the activities planned and methods to be used throughout the project. The main
issues / conflicts at stake in each pilot MSP project area are shown and the approach and expected results by project
partners for each area. It also explains the method used to analyse the impacts of national and regional strategies on
maritime space in each BaltSeaPlan country and the working steps for developing the common vision.

The BaltSeaPlan Bulletin #02 (autumn 2011)
provides an overview of the various BaltSeaPlan publications and the 30
BaltSeaPlan reports. It should serve as a helping guide for an audience not familiar with the BaltSeaPlan project on which report to download from the BaltSeaPlan website.

BaltSeaPlan Extermal Newsletters

Pilot MSP reports

Reports 1- 8: Impact Assessments

The BaltSeaPlan Reports No 1–7provide an overview of all policies and strategies currently in force in the respective countries and regions that influence the use of its sea space (e.g. energy, fishery, transport, tourism as well as nature conservation). Assessments are provided on how strong the impact of each strategy and/or policy is, whether it is of a direct or more indirect nature and whether the policies/strategies are compatible with each other. The reports show also those fields, where some strategy / policy would be needed, but are actually missing. As a result recommendations are developed on how to strengthen MSP related aspects within national maritime policies. The reports are meant to stimulate a cross-sectoral debate on goals & targets for dealing with space and filling gaps in national sectoral policies and strategies.

BaltSeaPlan Report No 1:
National and regional strategies with relevance for Estonian maritime space


BaltSeaPlan Report No 2:
National and regional strategies with relevance for German maritime space


BaltSeaPlan Report No 3:
National and regional strategies with relevance for Latvian maritime space


BaltSeaPlan Report No 4:
National and regional strategies with relevance for Lithuanian maritime space


BaltSeaPlan Report No 5:
National and regional strategies with relevance for Polish maritime space

BaltSeaPlan Report No 6:
National and regional strategies with relevance for Russian maritime space


BaltSeaPlan Report No 7:
National and regional strategies with relevance for Swedish maritime space


BaltSeaPlan Report No 8 “Implications of the international and national policy context for Baltic Sea space and MSP”

provides an overview of policies, trends and strategies that will influence the use of Baltic Sea space in the years to come.
How much space is likely to be taken up by offshore wind parks in the future, and what is the forecast for shipping and transport? How much space will need to be set aside for nature conservation? Are these objectives all in line with each other or do active choices need to be made? The report also indicates those policy fields where no such clear objectives
have been set yet. Its analysis lays the foundation for the BaltSeaPlan Vision 2030.

Report 10: Pilot MSP for the Middle Bank

The Middle Bank is the largest shallow water area in the Baltic Sea. It is situated far from the coast at the Swedish / Polish EEZ
border and has therefore only a very limited number of active stakeholders. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 10 “Developing a Pilot Maritime Spatial Plan for the Middle Bank”demonstrates, how an MSP can be prepared for such an area, where
there are – in comparison to coastal zones – only a very few active stakeholders and much less information available, while at the same time dealing with two different countries. Being more of strategic nature, with the purpose of preventing possible future conflicts rather than mitigating current ones, the resulting MSP looks quite different from former samples and might potentially lay the basis for similar types of MSPs in other offshore areas.

Report 11: Pilot SEA for the Western Gulf of Gdansk

As a pilot project on MSP in Poland a “Draft Spatial Plan for the Western Part of the Gulf of Gdansk” had been elaborated between 2007–2009 under the framework of the EU funded “PlanCoast” project. The main aim of the Strategical Environmental Impact Assessment was to identify and judge significant effects of the implementation of the provisions proposed under this draft MSP on the environment and objectives / subjects being under protection of Natura 2000 within this planning area. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 11 “Developing a Pilot Strategical Environmental Assessment for the Western Gulf of Gdansk” provides an English language summary of the steps applied for the SEA as well as the main findings and recommendations provided within the SEA.

Report 12: Preparing MSP at the Danish Straights

The area around the Hatter Barn is known as a notorious risk area for grounding and collision of ships passing the Danish straits to and from the Baltic. This risk might even increase in the coming future with more and larger ships passing by – resulting also in a potential discussion on deeping the (safer)diagonal route. At the same time the pilot area hosts a high number of different habitats, large areas designated as Natura 2000 areas and is a key area for marine mammals. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 12 “Preparing for MSP at the Danish Straits” summarises the results of studies undertaken related to effects of shipping noise on Harbour Porpoise (BaltSeaPlan Report No 21) and new methods for seabed & habitat mapping (BaltSeaPlan Report No 27) and brings them into context with Maritime Spatial Planning, i.e. how this information would / should be used for decisions to be taken in allocating areas for specific purposes.

Report 13: Towards a Pilot MSP for the Päarnu Bay

The Pärnu Bay pilot area – located in the northern part of the Gulf of Riga – is characterised by intensive human uses as well as problematic environmental conditions. In addition to traditional uses such as shipping, fishing and recreation activities, there are also plans for offshore wind parks as well as an expansion of Pärnu Port. The main environmental issue is eutrophication, which manifests itself in increased biological production and worsened light conditions for the seabed while at the same time positively affecting fish populations. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 13 “Towards a Pilot MSP for Pärnu Bay”shows the stocktake of the area including methods for how to generate information in case of missing data sources. It also describes the stakeholder involvement and conflict analysis undertaken. In view of missing legislation for MSP in Estonia at the current stage it does not go the full cycle by actually proposing an MSP for the area.

Report 14: Towards a Pilot MSP for the Saaremaa and Hiiumaa Islands

The Hiiumaa-Saaremaa pilot area – located in the open part of the Baltic Sea – has the most “sea-like conditions” of the Estonian coastal waters, with higher salinity & waves, lower nutrient concentration and less human activities than other areas. Also nature protection is only in place in coastal areas. Due to favourable wind conditions and shallow water the area is showing good prerequisites for development of offshore wind farms and development of sailing & surfing sports. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 14 “Towards a Pilot MSP for Saaremaa & Hiiumaa Islands” shows the stocktake of the area including methods for how to generate information in case of missing data sources. It also describes the stakeholder involvement and conflict analysis undertaken. In view of missing legislation for MSP in Estonia at the current stage it does not go the full cycle by actually proposing an MSP for the area.

Report 15: Towards a Pilot MSP for the Lithuanian Sea

The demand for maritime space has increased substantially in Lithuania during the past several years – be it plans for offshore wind parks, port developments, underwater electricity cables or expansion of Natura 2000 sites. At the same time MSP is not yet formally introduced in Lithuania. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 15 “Towards a Pilot MSP for the Lithuanian Sea” shows the compilation of current sea uses, identifies potential conflicts & synergies as well as MSP related strategic targets and describes the efforts undertaken towards raising the general public awareness – all activities meant to smoothen the upcoming planning procedures expected to start by 2012.

Report 16: A Pilot MSP for the Western Coast of Latvia

A Pilot MSP for the Western Coast of Latvia Latvia is having a 500 km long coastline and a significant share of the Baltic Sea with numerous traditional as well as newly upcoming activities competing for its space. The importance of MSP has been underlined in numerous strategies as well as laws, but is not yet readily implemented. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 16 “Developing a Pilot MSP for the Western Coast of Latvia” describes experience of the Baltic Environmental Forum in testing how maritime spatial planning could be carried out in Latvia and thus developing a basis for the process and potential structure of a national maritime spatial plan in future. The pilot plan was developed with substantial stakeholder involvement and inputs from all relevant actors. It does not only set a sample for the national maritime spatial planning process to be launched in 2014 in Latvia, but should also be seen as a good practice for an MSP process to be launched elsewhere.

MSPs and SEA

Report 17: Pilot Maritime Spatial Plan for the Western Coast of Latvia

BaltSeaPlan Report No 17 ”Pilot Maritime Spatial Plan for the Western Coast of Latvia”includes the full text of the planning document in Latvian language, which has served as discussion material in communication with the stakeholders of the project pilot area. The report provides information on the methodology used for planning of the sea uses in the pilot area, overview on existing strategies having impact on sea use, the legal background, and description of the pilot area as well as extensive analysis of the key economy sectors important for this area. Further on the conflict analysis of the different sea uses and the proposal of the spatial plan are provided.
 

Report 18: SEA for the Western Gulf of Gdansk

As a pilot project on MSP in Poland a “Draft Spatial Plan for the Western Part of the Gulf of Gdansk” had been elaborated between 2007–2009 under the framework of the EU funded “PlanCoast” project. The main aim of the Strategical Environmental Impact Assessment was to identify and judge significant effects of the implementation of the provisions proposed under this draft MSP on the environment and objectives / subjects being under protection of Natura 2000 within this planning area. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 18 “Strategic Environmental Assessment for the Western Gulf of Gdansk” is the full Polish version showing all analytical steps as well as the detailed findings and recommendations provided.

Technical Reports

Report 19: Modelling for MSP

The BaltSeaPlan Report No 19 “Modelling for Maritime Spatial Planning – Tools, concepts, applications” describes the potential role of models and modelled data within the MSP / SEA process. Furthermore, it provides several case studies of model applications in MSP. The report concludes with an overview of existing modelling concepts and tools from previous and ongoing projects and initiatives around the Baltic Sea, which could be of use for Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP).

Report 20: Data exchange structure for MSP

Good knowledge of the sea and the trends & pressures it faces is essential for MSP to be delivered successfully. For this data needs to be translated into spatially relevant information and cooperation has to be ensured among data networks so that information is easily accessible when needed. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 20 “Integrated Pan-Baltic Data Infrastructure for MSP – Framework Analysis and Recommendations for an MSP Data Model, Data Exchange and Good Governance” identifies content related and technical conditions as well as problems & gaps associated to data and information sources at the current stage. Further it describes the conceptual data model for MSP developed within the framework of BaltSeaPlan and provides recommendations on the steps which need to be gone, in order to reach the information basis necessary to undertake MSP at satisfactory level within the BSR.

Report 21: Effects of underwater noise on harbour porpoises around the major shipping lanes

The Baltic Sea is a special environment that requires extra care. When developing an MSP, planners need to respect the natural conditions and needs set by the environment as well as goals set by political decision making bodies for the wellbeing of society. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 21 “Effects of underwater noise on harbour porpoises around major shipping lanes” explores the relationship between shipping and harbour porpoises (phocoena) by assessing the effect of noise from ship traffic on them in the Great Belt area, Denmark. The report analyses the acoustic activity levels of porpoises, describes the noise patterns around shipping lanes and links these to estimate the effect of ship noise on the distribution of porpoise.

Report 22: Remote sensing methods for detecting small fishing vessels and fishing gear

Fishery is among some of the most important uses of maritime space and is thus obviously of high relevance for MSP. Currently, however, it is difficult to include fishery in MSPs in view of lacking spatial data & information on where fishery is taking place and what methods are used. Whereas several methods and reporting systems are in place in the fisheries management to track larger vessels, the use of satellite data for fishery activities of small vessels is still under development. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 22 “Remote sensing methods for detecting small fishing vessels and fishing gear” shows the results of a feasibility study undertaken in the pilot area “Pomeranian Bight and Arkona Sea”.

Report 23: Legal and planning options for integrating Fisheries into MSP

Although fisheries is almost omnipresent on the sea and is influencing the marine ecosystem like almost no other human activity it is often neglected in MSP largely due to the belief that there is little that could be regulated on national or regional basis in view of the Common Fishery Policy. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 23 “Legal and Planning Options for integrating fisheries into MSP at the Baltic Sea” investigates the possibilities on opportunities & suitability of using spatial planning to prepare regulations in fisheries management; analyses the current legal situation and provides samples for proposed regulations to be included in MSPs on the basis of the pilot case area “Pomeranian Bight”.

Report 24: Stakeholder Involvement in MSP

The BaltSeaPlan Report No 24 “Stakeholder Involvement in Maritime Spatial Planning” aims to help to bridge the gap between stakeholder management theory and practice by showing and discussing the methods / tools and experience gained by BaltSeaPlan partners then dealing with stakeholders in MSP. On this basis the report provides recommendations, guidance and inspiration for stakeholder management of future MSP processes, while at the same time showing that there is not something like a “one size fits all” approach or solution.

Report 25: Strategical Environmental Assessment in MSP

A Strategic Environmental Assessment needs to be carried out in accordance to the EU SEA Directive for any kind of Maritime Spatial Plan. The main aim of such a SEA is to identify and assess the potentially signifianct impacts of the provisions suggested within the MSP on the environment and Natura 2000 areas. In view of lacking experience in the actual drafting of MSPs, there is even less practical experience on how to prepare such a SEA. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 25 “SEA in MSP: Recommendations from the German and Polish experience” shows how the SEA has been carried out in two very different MSP areas (namely the German EEZ of the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Gdansk). It highlights current challenges, extracts general lessons to be learned on SEA for MSP as well as showing differences in how to approach SEA.

Report 26: Fisheries in the Maritime Spatial Planning context

Fishing is one of the economically and environmentally most significant uses of the sea, but is often neglected in MSP. This is due to a variety of reasons. Many believe that it cannot be regulated on national or regional basis in view of the Common Fishery Policy. Also there is a lack of data and information and a general lack of samples on possible instruments on how fishery could be included in MSP. Further it is a “hot topic” in many stakeholder processes. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 26 “Fisheries in the MSP context” provides an overview of results and solutions found within the BaltSeaPlan project on these various aspects and should therefore offer guidance, inspiration and recommendations for Maritime Spatial Planners on how to better deal with the important topic of fishery in MSP.
 

Report 27: Seabed and habitat mapping in the Hatter Barn area

The area around the Hatter Barn is known as a notorious risk area for grounding and collision of ships passing the Danish straits to and from the Baltic. One of the suggestions for safer shipping was a deepening of the present shallow water route southeast of this reef area. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 27 “Seabed and habitat mapping in the Hatter Barn area” aims to provide an assessment of such a deepening on the valuable hard bottom habitats based on a results achieved with the new mapping methods applied. The study also investigates effects of ship traffic on the benthic seaweed forest.

Report 28: BaltSeaPlan Web-advanced tool in support of MSP

Every MSP process starts with an analysis of the current situation in the area, i.e. where does which use take place and
which use is planned in which area. Based on this stocktake a conflict analysis is undertaken and one or several scenarios are developed for the plan, which are discussed with stakeholders. The BaltSeaPlan Web application for MSP developed in the framework of the BaltSeaPlan project and based on Boundary-GIS Geoportal is a supporting tool which should facilitate such stakeholder involvement. The application allows any kind of stakeholder to view the current planning status of the area and to comment upon them. The user can do so without any specific computer knowledge and/or computer program. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 28 “BaltSeaPlan web-advanced tool in support of MSP”explains the main features of the application, how it can be applied for MSP and who to contact in order to get access to the tool as such.

Report 29: Systematic site selection for offshore wind power

The development of offshore wind energy is a driving force for looking at sea uses in a more integrated way and to develop Maritime Spatial Planning. The modelling tool MARXAN is a tool known to be used for selection of sites for nature protection. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 29 “Case Study: Systematic site selection for offshore windpower” shows how this tool was adapted during BaltSeaPlan to identify suitable sites for offshore wind energy production taking into account the targets of the wind sector and the limitations to it set by nature conservation demands, tourism or shipping. The model was used in the pilot area Pomeranian Bight /Arcona Sea to identify locations for offshore wind energy.

Report 30: Site selection of fisheries areas for MSP

Although specific data exist for selected fisheries management issues, maps about the most valuable areas for fish spawning, recruitment and catches which also take the limitations by operation range or by competing uses and functions of the sea into account do practically not exist. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 30 “Case Study: Site selection of fisheries areas for MSP” shows the attempt undertaken within BaltSeaPlan to use the tool “Marxan with Zones” to produce such maps. It is a first trial to localize those areas with the help of an MSP related decision making tool. The results of the report can – due to very scarce spatial data – be only preliminary. However they demonstrate a new way how to get to this very valuable information for appropriate MSP.

Report 31: Recommendations for legislative action regarding MSP in Europe

Based on the assumption that the EU Commission will seek Member States to harmonise and further develop their legislation for maritime spatial planning, the Ministry of Transport, Building and Regional Development of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern asked for an expert opinion on what should be the cornerstones of the legislative constitution of MSP in the Baltic Sea States. The BaltSeaPlan Report No 31 “Recommendations for legislative action regarding MSP in Europe” was prepared by Prof. Dr. Wilfried Erbguth (University of Rostock / Faculty of Law). Among others the report suggests which specific spatial planning law regulations (subdivided in substantive law and tools) can be recommended for standardization qua European Union law. The report is available in English and German language.